The capital and largest city is Manama. Today, Bahrain's "two seas" are generally taken to be the bay east and west of the island,[page needed] the seas north and south of the island, or the salt and fresh water present above and below the ground.  In 2011, Alice Samaan, a Christian woman, was appointed ambassador to the United Kingdom.. First 2 digit 19 for routing Swat district and 010 code Bahrain Post office. Bahrain is an Arabic State essentially comprised of around 30 islands, including the largest one, Bahrain Island. , The first municipality in Bahrain was the 8-member Manama municipality which was established in July 1919. This is a list of cities and towns in Bahrain with listed governorates: Akhbar Al Khaleej (أخبار الخليج) and Al Ayam (الأيام) are examples of major Arabic newspapers published daily. It consists of a low desert plain rising gently to a low central escarpment with the highest point the 134 m (440 ft) Mountain of Smoke (Jabal ad Dukhan). , In 2006, Lateefa Al Gaood became the first female MP after winning by default. Women accounted for 66% of graduates in natural sciences, 28% of those in engineering and 77% of those in health and welfare.  The number rose to four after the 2011 by-elections. Bechar 49. , The period between 1975 and 1999 known as the "State Security Law Era", saw wide range of human rights violations including arbitrary arrests, detention without trial, torture and forced exile. The wind tower, which generates natural ventilation in a house, is a common sight on old buildings, particularly in the old districts of Manama and Muharraq. The agency has been working to ratify international space-related agreements such as the Outer Space Treaty, the Rescue Agreement, the Space Liability Convention, the Registration Convention and the Moon Agreement. , Bird watching (primarily in the Hawar Islands), scuba diving, and horse riding are popular tourist activities in Bahrain.  The annual Spring of Culture  festival run by the Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities has become a popular event promoting performance arts in the Kingdom. The BS is a United States Department of Defense school that provides a K-12 curriculum including International Baccalaureate offerings. It has the smallest hydrocarbon reserves of any Persian Gulf state, producing 48,000 barrels per day from its one onshore field. Relations with the United Kingdom became closer, as evidenced by the British Royal Navy moving its entire Middle Eastern command from Bushehr in Iran to Bahrain in 1935. Arnold Hermann Ludwig Heeren, Historical Researches Into the Politics, Intercourse, and Trade of the Principal Nations of Antiquity, Henry Bohn, 1854 p38, Phillip Ward, Bahrain: A Travel Guide, Oleander Press p68, W. B. Fisher et al. On average, rain falls only about 10 days a year. Four types of salinisation of the aquifer are identified: brackish-water up-flow from the underlying brackish-water zones in north-central, western, and eastern regions; seawater intrusion in the eastern region; intrusion of sabkha water in the southwestern region; and irrigation return flow in a local area in the western region. Some of the popular historical tourist attractions in the kingdom are the Al Khamis Mosque, which is one of the oldest mosques in the region, the Arad fort in Muharraq, Barbar temple, which is an ancient temple from the Dilmunite period of Bahrain, as well as the A'ali Burial Mounds and the Saar temple. The Bahrain International Circuit also features a full-length dragstrip where the Bahrain Drag Racing Club has organised invitational events featuring some of Europe's top drag racing teams to try to raise the profile of the sport in the Middle East.  The country's two Muslim communities are united on some issues, but disagree sharply on others.  On behalf of the ruling family, Bahraini police have received training on how to deal with public protests from the British government.  At this time, Bahrain was known as Mishmahig (which in Middle-Persian/Pahlavi means "ewe-fish"). The 2012 festival featured concerts starring Andrea Bocelli, Julio Iglesias and other musicians.. , The available data for researchers in 2013 only cover the higher education sector. It is considered a part of the Middle East and is an archipelago made up of 33 islands. , According to a January 2006 report by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Bahrain has the fastest-growing economy in the Arab world. دار كليب Restaurants. Basketball, rugby and horse racing are also widely popular in the country. As a result, cases of malaria and TB have declined in recent decades with cases of contractions amongst Bahraini nationals becoming rare. Notable holidays in the country are listed below: Coordinates: 26°01′39″N 50°33′00″E / 26.02750°N 50.55000°E / 26.02750; 50.55000, This article is about the country in Arab Peninsula.  Cardiovascular diseases account for 32% of all deaths in Bahrain, being the number one cause of death in the country (the second being cancer). Several foreign correspondents were expelled. The aim is to establish a knowledge hub for the six member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council. Algeria City Names Algeria City Codes. Summer temperatures may reach up to 50 °C (122 °F) under the right conditions. The government promised to introduce reforms and avoid repeating the "painful events". [title missing]. The Huwala are descendants of Sunni Iranians; some of them are Sunni Persians, while others Sunni Arabs. The spoken language is Arabic. Read the country information page. About three-fifths of the labour force is foreign-born. According to the 2010 census, Bahrain's population is over 1.2 million, of which around half are non-nationals. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Manama, . , Bahrain first welcomed Israeli cabinet member Yossi Sarid to Manama in 1994. Institutes have also opened which educate South Asian students, such as the Pakistan Urdu School, Bahrain and the Indian School, Bahrain. In 1911, a group of Bahraini merchants demanded restrictions on the British influence in the country. It also caused some problems between the Bahraini and the Qatari governments. , Apart from the Ministry of Education and the Higher Education Council, the two main hives of activity in science, technology, and innovation are the University of Bahrain (established in 1986) and the Bahrain Centre for Strategic, International, and Energy Studies. The Royal University for Women (RUW), established in 2005, was the first private, purpose-built, international university in Bahrain dedicated solely to educating women. , Bahrain has a bicameral National Assembly (al-Jam'iyyah al-Watani) consisting of the Shura Council (Majlis Al-Shura) with 40 seats and the Council of Representatives (Majlis Al-Nuwab) with 40 seats. At a parliamentary session in June 2006 to discuss ratification of the Convention, Sheikh Adel Mouwda, the former leader of salafist party, Asalah, explained the party's objections: "The convention has been tailored by our enemies, God kill them all, to serve their needs and protect their interests rather than ours.  Ali Bahar was one of the most famous singers in Bahrain. According to historian Al-Juwayni, the stone was returned 22 years later in 951 under mysterious circumstances.  This was especially evident when in 2005 the government called off the Shia branch of the "Family law" after over 100,000 Shia took to the streets. Iran is alleged by United States and others to have a hand in the arming of Bahraini militants. Summer in Bahrain is unpleasant, as high temperatures frequently coincide with high humidity. , On August 3, 2020, the Kingdom of Bahrain bought a minority stake in the Paris F.C., a team that plays in France’s second tier. 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